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The Key Ingredients Every Skincare Routine Needs

While some beauty trends may come and go, there’s one thing that will never go out of fashion and that’s taking care of your skin. Part of achieving your best complexion ever is figuring out which ingredients will provide you with the biggest benefits and visibly treat your specific concerns. From hydrating Hyaluronic Acid to age-reversing Retinol, here are some of the key ingredients that you need to add to your routine…

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic Acid occurs naturally in our bodies in our joints, eyes and skin, but when applied topically it works as a humectant to help your complexion retain moisture. Hyaluronic Acid can absorb up to 1,000 times its weight in water, making it a star ingredient when it comes to battling dryness. You’ll find Hyaluronic Acid in a wide range of skin care and beauty products, from moisturisers and serums to foundations and lipsticks, which will most likely promise to reduce signs of ageing and dry patches. When added to skin care, this hydrating ingredient works by penetrating the outer layer of the epidermis to increase the skin’s overall moisture content. It does this by absorbing moisture from the skin and the surrounding environment to increase its molecule size, therefore plumping and hydrating the complexion from within. 

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps to keep the skin cells healthy. Your skin contains high concentrations of Vitamin C in the dermis and epidermis, but this decreases as we age and as our skin is exposed to UV rays and pollutants which attack and destroy collagen. When it’s applied to the skin, Vitamin C not only protects the skin from damage but encourages new collagen to form as it stimulates the fibroblasts that produce it. That’s not all – Vitamin C is also a key ingredient when it comes to skin brightening and pigmentation correction. It inhibits the enzyme tyrosinase, which is responsible for melanin production within the skin, to effectively correct dark patches and prevents the development of further sporadic pigmentation. 

Vitamin E

Another impressive antioxidant, Vitamin E helps to defend the body against harmful free radicals that are found in pollution and UV rays. When applied to the complexion in the form of a moisturiser or serum, Vitamin E helps to neutralise the free radicals within the skin while providing protection to weakened cells. If you’re looking for pure and simple moisturisation, Vitamin E can provide a helping hand as it not only relieves dryness but can also help to balance and control sebum production. It can also prevent transepidermal moisture loss to keep the skin plump and smooth while strengthening that all important protective barrier.

Retinol

Retinol is a Vitamin A derivative used to address a wide range of skin concerns from fine lines and wrinkles to dark spots and acne. When applied topically, it’s broken down into Retinoic Acid which directly impacts the cell structure within the skin to stimulate collagen and elastin production. Due to its ability to go deeper into the skin, rather than just sitting on the top layer, this powerful ingredient increases collagen production to completely transform the appearance of the skin. You may also hear about Retin-A, which like Retinol is a Retinoid, but Retinol is the most common form which you’ll find in retail skincare products. 

Glycolic Acid

This AHA or Alpha Hydroxy Acid is derived from sugar cane and is one of the most popular exfoliating ingredients for most skin types. It has the smallest molecular structure of all AHAs, which means it can go deeper into the skin to loosen and dissolve the glue that holds dead and dulling cells onto the stratum corneum, allowing them to shed more easily. This increase in cell turnover also stimulates collagen production, which is why the skin looks so smooth and plump following a Glycolic Acid treatment. This powerful active can correct various concerns including acne, hyperpigmentation, dullness and signs of premature ageing. 

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